Exploring the reasons behind low COVID-19 vaccination coverage in ethnic minorities–A qualitative study among Arabic-speaking public in Denmark

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Aims: In Denmark, COVID-19 infection rates have been higher, and vaccination coverage has been lower in areas with many residents from ethnic minority backgrounds. This study aimed to explore COVID-19 vaccination perceptions among Arabic-speaking minorities in Denmark. Materials and Methods: A total of 16 individuals, varying in age, gender, education, employment, health, vaccination status, and the Arabic-speaking country of origin, were recruited and interviewed in Arabic. The interviews were transcribed verbatim, translated into English, and analyzed using directed thematic analysis. Results: Most interviewees had some knowledge about how vaccines work to prevent infections; however, a wide spectrum of opinions about the effectiveness and safety of COVID-19 vaccines and vaccination policies in Denmark emerged. COVID-19 vaccination issues were extensively discussed in Arabic-speaking communities, but consensus was rarely reached. Many participants felt confused and only took vaccines for practical considerations, such as travel. Due to language barriers, some participants experienced difficulties in understanding vaccination-related information in electronic invitations from the health authorities and at vaccination centers, with family members often stepping in to provide translations. Conclusions: Systematic efforts to actively disseminate translated COVID-19 vaccination information are needed to support ethnic minority individuals in making informed decisions.

Original languageEnglish
Article number104965
JournalHealth Policy
Number of pages7
Publication statusPublished - 2024

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© 2023 The Author(s)

    Research areas

  • COVID-19 vaccines, Denmark, Ethnic and racial minorities, Policy, Qualitative research

ID: 378754027