In-depth evaluation of Gly-Sar transport parameters as a function of culture time in the Caco-2 cell model

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

The aim of the present study was to investigate the influence of culture time on hPEPT1-mediated transport in Caco-2 cell monolayers. Peptide transport activity in Caco-2 cells grown in standard media and in a "rapid" 4-day model was first compared. The rapid 4-day Caco-2 cell model, cultured using a cocktail of growth factors and agonists, displayed lower peptide uptake capacity than Caco-2 cells grown for 4 days in conventional media, and was judged to be unsuitable for peptide transport studies. Peptide transport activity as well as monolayer integrity and tissue morphology were evaluated in the standard >21 days model as a function of the culture time. Peptide transport activity was studied using [14C]-glycylsarcosine ([ 14C]-Gly-Sar). Monolayer integrity was evaluated by transepithelial electrical resistance (TEER) measurements and [3H]-mannitol permeabilities. Tissue morphology and hPEPT1 expression were studied using confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) and conventional staining/ immunostaining. Caco-2 cells grown in conventional media became confluent after 3-4 days. Mannitol permeability decreased from day 5 to 21 and TEER increased steadily until ~day 21. Apical hPEPT1 uptake activity appeared to be maximal in cells cultured for >21 days, whereas basolateral uptake reached a maximum already after 12 days in culture. In some of the passages studied, a secondary increase in hPEPT1 transport activity was observed in cells grown for >25 days. A large carrier-mediated transepithelial peptide flux component was evident from day 14.

Original languageEnglish
JournalEuropean Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)77-86
Number of pages10
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2004

    Research areas

  • Caco-2 cell model, Characterization, Gly-Sar uptake, hPEPT1, Immunohistochemistry

ID: 131735180