HPLC method validated for the simultaneous analysis of cichoric acid and alkamides in Echinacea purpurea plants and products

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A reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method has been developed to determine caffeic acid derivatives, for example, cichoric acid, and alkamides in plant parts and herbal products of Echinacea purpurea. The method consists of an extraction procedure whereby the hydrophilic phenolics as well as the lipophilic alkamides are released from the samples, followed by the analytical HPLC procedure for quantitative determination of these compounds. The method is the first one validated for the determination of these two groups of compounds in the same procedure. Naringenin has been used as an internal standard, as no other flavanones are present in the extract and it does not interfere with any of the compounds under investigation. Analysis of Danish-grown plant material shows that it is possible to raise plants of a very high chemical quality in Denmark. A selection of international herbal products available on the Danish market show surprisingly variable quality, not necessarily reflecting the product information given on the labels.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Issue number24
Pages (from-to)6922-33
Number of pages11
Publication statusPublished - 2003

Bibliographical note

Keywords: Amides; Caffeic Acids; Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid; Denmark; Echinacea; Plant Extracts; Plant Preparations; Quality Control; Succinates

ID: 9040256