Gastrointestinal Responsive Polymeric Nanoparticles for Oral Delivery of Insulin: Optimized Preparation, Characterization, and In Vivo Evaluation

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  • Yan Fang
  • Qi Wang
  • Xiaojie Lin
  • Xuechao Jin
  • Dongjuan Yang
  • Shan Gao
  • Xiyan Wang
  • Yang, Mingshi
  • Kai Shi
Gastrointestinal responsive polymeric nanospheres (NPs) based on hydroxypropyl methylcellulose phthalate were prepared using spontaneous emulsification solvent diffusion method for improved oral administration of insulin. The NPs prepared under optimized conditions have an encapsulation efficiency of 90% and a particle size of about 200 nm. In vitro drug release experiments demonstrated that the NPs exhibited a gradient release profile of loaded drug when the pH value gradually increased from 3.0 to 7.4. Enzyme resistance experiments showed that under simulated gastrointestinal conditions, the NPs protected more than 60% of the drug from being degraded by trypsin. The oral hypoglycemic experiments revealed that insulin-loaded NPs could significantly reduce blood glucose levels in diabetic rats with a relative bioavailability of 8.6%. Ex vivo imaging investigation of rat tissues showed that the drug-loaded NPs could promote the absorption of insulin in the ileum and colon. The work described here suggests that the gastrointestinal responsive polymeric NPs may be promising candidates for improving gastrointestinal tract delivery of hydrophilic biomacromolecules. Accordingly, the results indicated that hydroxypropyl methylcellulose phthalate NPs with gastrointestinal stimuli responsiveness could be a promising candidate for oral insulin delivery.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Issue number9
Pages (from-to)2994–3002
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2019

    Research areas

  • absorption, insulin, nanospheres, oral drug delivery, physical characterization

ID: 229562163