Epidermal growth factor decreases PEPT2 transport capacity and expression in the rat kidney proximal tubule cell line SKPT0193 cl.2
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The renal peptide transporter PEPT2 plays an important role in absorption of di- and tripetides in the proximal tubule; however, knowledge of regulation of PEPT2 by growth factors and hormones is limited. In the present study, we examined the effects of epidermal growth factor (EGF) on PEPT2 transport capacity and expression in the rat proximal tubule cell line SKPT0193 cl.2 (SKPT), which expresses rat PEPT2 (rPEPT2) in the apical membrane. Treatment of SKPT cells with EGF during cell culture growth caused a dose-dependent decrease in rPEPT2 transport capacity and expression, as determined by studies of apical uptake of [14C]glycylsarcosine, rPepT2 mRNA levels, and immunostaining of SKPT cells with a rPEPT2-specific antibody. On the contrary, apical uptake of glucose and lysine was increased in EGF-treated cells, indicating that EGF was not acting generally to decrease apical nutrient uptake mechanisms in the proximal tubule cells. Our findings indicate that EGF decreases rPEPT2 expression by lowering transcription of the rat PepT2 gene or by decreasing rat PepT2 mRNA stability. Previous investigators routinely used SKPT cell culture media with a high (10 ng/ml) EGF concentration. Our study suggests that this might be disadvantageous when studying PEPT2-mediated transport phenomena. These findings demonstrate for the first time EGF-mediated regulation of PEPT2 expression in a kidney cell line. The relevance for kidney regulation of peptide transport activity in physiological and/or pathophysiological situations, where EGF and EGF receptor levels change drastically, remains to be established.
|Journal||American Journal of Physiology - Renal Physiology|
|Publication status||Published - 2004|
- Animals, Biological Transport, Cell Line, Cell Polarity, Culture Media, Dipeptides, Dose-Response Relationship, Drug, Epidermal Growth Factor, Gene Expression, Glucose, Kidney Tubules, Proximal, Lysine, RNA, Messenger, Rats, Symporters, Tritium