Determination of methylphenidate in Calliphorid larvae by liquid-liquid extraction and liquid chromatography mass spectrometry - Forensic entomotoxicology using an in vivo rat brain model
Research output: Contribution to journal › Journal article › Research › peer-review
The aim of this study was to examine the potential forensic utilisation of blowfly larvae (Diptera: Calliphoridae) as an alternative toxicological specimen for the detection of the psychotropic model drug methylphenidate (MPH). MPH was extracted from biological matrices (rat brain, serum and Calliphorid larvae) by liquid-liquid extraction with recovery of >80%, and quantified using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). The LC-MS/MS assay was validated for entomotoxicological use and initially applied to male Sprague-Dawley rats (n=6) that were dosed with MPH (20mg/kg) ante-mortem. MPH could be detected in Calliphorid larvae (n=15) reared on the rat brains at 3.2±1.6ng/g. Secondly, MPH-spiked porcine brain tissue (450mg/kg) was used to investigate drug concentration in larvae over a period of 72h. After larvae had feed for 60h, MPH was detected at 19.8±1.4µg/g in the feeding larvae and at 3.5±0.1µg/g in the MPH-spiked porcine brain tissue. It could be advantageous to use Calliphorid larvae as an alternative toxicological specimen to detect alkaline labile drugs, such as MPH.
|Journal||Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis|
|Number of pages||6|
|Publication status||Published - 2012|