Bile salts and their importance for drug absorption

Research output: Contribution to journalReviewResearchpeer-review

Bile salts are present in the intestines of humans as well as the animals used during the development of pharmaceutical products. This review provides a short introduction into the physical chemical properties of bile salts, a description of the bile concentration and composition of bile in different animal species and an overview of the literature investigating the influence of bile salts on the in vivo performance of different compounds and drug formulations. Generally, there is a positive effect on bioavailability when bile is present in the gastro-intestinal tract, independent of the formulation systems, e.g. suspensions, solutions, cyclodextrin complexes or lipid based formulations, but a few exceptions have also been reported.
Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Pharmaceutics
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)44-55
Number of pages12
Publication statusPublished - 30 Aug 2013

ID: 49013481