About the LEO Foundation Center for Cutaneous Drug Delivery
The skin is an organ that often requires drug treatment to alleviate acute and chronic skin diseases. Furthermore, it is easily accessible for application of drugs, and thus also a site for administration of drugs aiming for systemic effects. However, the skin remains a formidable barrier and the delivery of drugs into and across the skin barrier is highly dependent on a number of factors in a complex way.
Considering this, the aim of the LEO Foundation Center for Cutaneous Drug Delivery is to contribute to an integrating knowledge on skin as a barrier for drug absorption, on the one hand, and the properties of drugs and excipients in specific drug delivery systems, on the other.
Through this, we aim to establish an internationally competitive research environment for cutaneous drug delivery research within a 10-year period, based on a predominantly physicochemical approach to develop methods for the rational development of novel and improved drug delivery systems for cutaneous and transcutaneous delivery of both small and large molecules. In doing so, investigations of "on-site" properties of the drug delivery system, taking into account effects in both healthy and impaired skin, play a central role.
With the main outset to build on a physicochemical basis, the Center aims to be clearly visible within the field of cutaneous drug delivery, and differentiated from approaches based on a more empirical development of delivery systems and on clinical work. This approach also allows the Center to be a pivotal point for collaborations with other research fields, ultimately coming together to tackle fundamental questions related to the delivery of drugs to and across the skin.
The LEO Foundation Center for Cutaneous Drug Delivery is made possible by a 10-year grant from the LEO Foundation.
Within a 10-year period, the LEO Foundation Center for Cutaneous Drug Delivery should be recognized as an international excellence center, performing state-of-the-art research and creating innovative solutions within cutaneous drug delivery, with a scientific platform built on integrative physicochemical approaches, including pharmaceutics, as well as novel opportunities in nanotechnology, advanced analytical methodologies, and biological models.
The mission of the LEO Foundation Center for Cutaneous Drug Delivery is to advance the field of cutaneous drug delivery through in-depth physichochemical research, embracing novel opportunities in advanced analytical tools, nanoparticular and other delivery systems, and novel biological model systems.
The Center strives to create and disseminate the newest knowledge on medicines for dermal use, thereby contributing to a solid foundation for the development of effective drug solutions to the skin for the benefit of patients.
The Center is furthermore dedicated to being a central contributor to research training of graduate and under-graduate students
The LEO Foundation Center for Cutaneous Drug Delivery is organized around three research pillars, identified as key for enabling its development:
i) novel analytical tools
ii) novel drug delivery systems
iii) novel biological models.
These pillars are combined with selected indication areas, initially focusing on infection/inflammation, to provide necessary depth to the research, including subsequent indication areas (skin cancer, vaccination) when Center growth allows this to be done without losing critical mass.
Another key element of the development of the Center is interfacing of Center activities with related activities within the Department of Pharmacy. In order to secure this, each pillar will be initially led by a senior staff scientist, who will also be PI for the area during the initial years.
Complementing this, we are currently recruiting three tenure-track Assistant Professors, each focusing on one of these research pillars. Within a 3-5 year period, these are expected to grow into PIs (2nd generation PIs) in their respective area.
In parallel, recruitment of PhD students and activities for Center growth by external funding are ongoing, and steps are taken for integration between the research activities in the three pillars, and between Center activities and activities at the Department of Pharmacy overall.
Professor in Biopharmaceuticals, Biophysics and Drug Delivery at the Department of Pharmacy, University of Copenhagen. Professor at, and previous Chairman of, the Department of Pharmacy, Uppsala University. Previously Director of the Institute for Surface Chemistry in Stockholm, Sweden.
Malmsten's research has resulted in >260 papers, as well as several books and patent families. Parallel to his academic research, he is co-founder of several companies, two developing peptide drugs, and one developing image-guided delivery systems.
Awarded, e.g., the Langmuir Lecture Award from the American Chemical Society and the Norblad-Ekstrand Medal. Member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Engineering Science, Fellow of the Royal Chemical Society, guest professor at Charité University in Berlin, and Editor-in-Chief of the Journal of Colloid and Interface Science.
Malmsten's current research interests include microgels, nanomaterials for drug delivery, as well as antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, and anticancer peptides.
Professor in Pharmaceutical Design and Drug Delivery at the Department of Pharmacy, University of Copenhagen. Before that he was the Chair in Pharmaceutical Sciences at the National School of Pharmacy, University of Otago, New Zealand from 2003 – 2012. TR has published >340 papers in international peer review journals as well as several book chapters and patents. He is a co-author of the book: Fasttrack: Pharmaceutics - Drug Delivery and Targeting (1st Edition: 2009, 2nd Edition: 2012).
TR is also Editor of the Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences and the European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics, as well as Associate Editor of the Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology.
Hanne Mørck Nielsen, Principle Investigator – Novel Biological Models
Professor in Biopharmaceuticals and Drug Design, and Research Chair of the Section of Biologics at Department of Pharmacy, University of Copenhagen.
HMN's research has resulted in >100 peer-reviewed papers in recognized international journals and >25 book, patent, and other public scientific publications. Editorial Advisory Board member of the Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Danish Medicines Agency Committee member, and listed on AcademiaNet. HMN's research interests include design of advanced drug delivery systems for macromolecular therapeutics, including antimicrobials, and evaluation of the drug delivery potential through mechanistic studies of specific interactions with biological barrier matrices, such as biofilm, mucosa, and skin.
Jesper Østergaard, Principle Investigator – Novel Analytical Technologies
Associate Professor at Department of Pharmacy, University of Copenhagen, and leader of the Pharmaceutical and Physical Chemistry group. JOE's research has resulted in around 100 peer reviewed papers and a number of other contributions.
Further he is a co-founder of two spin-outs from the Department of Pharmacy. He is currently the EU coordinator of the CRYDIS program, a Research and Innovation Staff Exchange (RISE) project within EU's Horizon 2020 program.
Prof. Richard Guy, Department of Pharmacy and Pharmacology, University of Bath, UK. Richard Guy received an M.A. in Chemistry from Oxford University, and his Ph.D. in Pharmaceutical Chemistry from the University of London. He has held academic posts at the University of California, San Francisco, the University of Geneva and, since 2004, the University of Bath as Professor of Pharmaceutical Sciences. In 2013, Dr. Guy received the Controlled Release Society's Founders Award and, in 2016, he was awarded the degree of Doctor of Science from Oxford University. Dr. Guy's research focuses on skin barrier function characterization and the prediction, assessment and optimization of topical drug bioavailability. He has published 350+ peer-reviewed articles and over 70 book chapters. He has co-authored one book and co-edited 7 others. He is also co-inventor of 12 patents. Within the Scientific Advisory Board, Prof. Guy will provide expertise in dermal drug delivery.
|Prof. Frank Caruso, Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, University of Melbourne, Australia. Professor Caruso is ARC Australian Laureate Fellow at The University of Melbourne, Australia, and also Deputy Director, ARC Centre of Excellence on Convergent Bio-Nano Science and Technology. He is also leader of the Nanostructured Interfaces and Materials Science (NIMS) Group. He received his PhD degree in 1994 from the University of Melbourne, and then moved to the CSIRO Division of Chemicals and Polymers in Melbourne. He was an Alexander von Humboldt Research Fellow and then group leader at the Max Planck Institute of Colloids and Interfaces (Berlin, Germany) from 1997 until 2002.
His research interests focus on developing advanced nano- and biomaterials for biotechnology and medicine. He has published over 300 peer-reviewed papers and is on the ISI most highly cited list, ranking in the top 20 worldwide, in materials science in 2011. Within the Scientific Advisory Board, Prof. Caruso will provide expertise in nanotechnology.
|Prof. Lise Arleth, Neutron and X-Ray Science Group, Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen, Denmark. Professor Arleth works within biophysics and physical chemistry with the main focus on structural investigations of macromolecules and their aggregates in solution. The research involves self-organizing systems such as microemulsions, surfactants and polymers in solution, as well as more complex biological and/or pharmaceutically relevant systems, such as proteins/enzymes and their interactions with lipids and surfactants. Her main experimental technique is small-angle scattering (X-rays and neutrons), in which she is an acclaimed international expert. Professor Arleth has been, and still is, instrumental for the engagement of the University of Copenhagen in MAX-Lab IV and ESS in Lund. She is the author over more than 75 peer-reviewed papers, and is also associated with the Center of Synthetic Biology. Within the Scientific Advisory Board, Prof. Arleth will provide expertise in X-ray and neutron-based analytical tools for investigation of soft matter.|
|Prof. Artur Schmidtchen, senior consultant within Dermatology at Lund University hospital, is Professor and Assistant Head at the Department of Clinical Sciences, Lund University, Sweden, where he leads a research group that focuses on translational research within innate immunity, wound healing, and skin infection and inflammation. As Professor and Scientific Director Dermatology at LKCMedicine, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore, he was involved in building up translational research within dermatology during 2014-2016. Activities as consultant for companies, external advisor for investment funds, as well as co-founder and founder of several companies has provided experience in R&D and therapeutic development. Schmidtchen has authored and co-authored over 120 papers, including high impact journals as Nature Communications, PNAS, Blood, J Clinical Investigation, J Immunology, J Biol Chem, and PLoS Pathogens. He is a member of the board of the Welander-Finsen Foundation, and co-editor for Acta Dermato-Venereologica. Within the Scientific Advisory Board, Prof. Schmidtchen will provide medical/clinical expertise, and also cover strategic Øresund aspects.|
Regarding Novel Analytical Tools, developments in relation to large-scale facilities, notably synchrotron- (MAX IV) and neutron-based (ESS) methodologies are likely to form an internationally competitive experimental platform for soft matter research in the Øresund region, also providing opportunities to scientific collaborations in new constellations.
Considering this, as well as the capability of methods such as X-ray scattering/diffraction and neutron scattering/reflection to provide detailed information about structure and dynamics of formulation- and skin-related systems, connecting the research activities to such large-scale facilities represents a considerable opportunity for the Center.
In addition, there are additional technologies which offer novel opportunities in relation to cutaneous drug delivery research, such as confocal microscopies, various imaging modalities, and related techniques, as well as mass spectrometry-based analysis, allowing studies of the delivery systems themselves, but also of tissue penetration and metabolism.
Regarding Novel Drug Delivery Systems, large recent progress in the nanomaterials area have resulted in considerable current interest in such systems, and also provided novel opportunities within both drug delivery and diagnostics.
Both for more "traditional" nanomaterials, such as surfactant and polymer self-assemblies, and for more exploratory materials, such as various inorganic nanoparticles, recent research has illustrated opportunities to trigger both drug release and various biological responses by a range of parameters, including ionic strength, pH, and temperature, but also by reducing conditions/oxidative stress, and even presence of specific metabolites.
In addition, inorganic nanoparticles may be triggered by external fields such as light/NIR and magnetic fields, allowing simultaneous control of drug delivery and monitoring of therapeutic outcome in theranostic approaches. Again, therefore, embracing such developments is key for the success of the center.
With regards to Novel Biological Models, traditional ex vivo models such as pig skin need to be complemented, e.g., with a battery of model systems for detailed mechanistic studies on transport of both active components and drug carriers.
Furthermore, complementary ex vivo models of healthy and impaired skin is needed, ideally disease-specific, as are corresponding in vivo models, e.g., combined with various techniques for imaging of biological responses. For the latter types of substrates, collaborations with suitable dermatology groups will be developed.
Andrea Heinz. Ageing Res Rev. 2021 Jan 9;66:101255.
Differential internalization of thrombin-derived host defense peptides into monocytes and macrophages
Hansen FC, Nadeem A, Browning K, Campana M, Schmidtchen A, van der Plas MJA. J Innate Immunity. 2021.
van der Plas MJA, Cai J, Petrlova J, Saleh K, Kjellström S, Schmidtchen A. eLife. 2021; 10:e66876.
Ilyas H, van der Plas MJA, Agnoletti M, Kumar S, Mandal AK, Atreya HS, Bhunia A, Malmsten M. Bioconj. Chem. 2021; 32: 1729.
Effects of Charge Contrast and Composition on Microgel Formation and Interactions with Bacteria-Mimicking Liposomes
B.C. Borro, M.S. Toussaint, S. Bucciarelli, and M. Malmsten. Biochim. Biophys. Acta 2021; 1865: 129485: 1-9.
S. Malekkhaiat-Häffner, E. Parra-Ortiz, M. Skoda, T. Saerbeck, K.L. Browning, and M. Malmsten. J. Colloid Interface Sci. 2021; 584: 19
Malekkhaiat-Häffner, E. Parra-Ortiz, K.L. Browning, E. Jørgensen, C. Monti, M. Skoda, X. Li, D. Berti, D. Zhao, and M. Malmsten. ACS Nano. 2021; 15: 6787.
Browning KL, Stocker IN, Gutfreund P, Clarke SM. Journal of colloid and interface science. 2021; 581 (Pt B): 682-689.
Bioinformatic analysis of the wound peptidome reveals potential biomarkers and antimicrobial peptides.
Hartman K, Wallblom K, van der Plas MJA, Petrlova J, Cai J, Saleh K, Kjellstrom S., Schmidtchen A. Frontiers in Immunology. 2021.
Akhmetova, A.; Heinz, A. Pharmaceutics. 2021; 13(1):4.
K.L. Browning, I. N. Stocker, P. Gutfreund, S. M. Clarke. J. Colloid Interface Sci. 581 (2021) 682–689