Mannosylated liposomes as antigen delivery vehicles for targeting to dendritic cells
Research output: Contribution to journal › Journal article › peer-review
The immune stimulating ability of mannosylated liposomes containing FITC-ovalbumin as a model antigen and displaying either a branched tri-mannose or a mono-mannose ligand on the liposome surface was investigated in human monocyte-derived dendritic cells (MoDCs) and murine bone-marrow-derived dendritic cells (BMDCs). Uptake of liposomes, dendritic cell activation and proliferation of CD8(+) T cells from OT-I transgenic mice were determined by flow cytometry. Uptake of liposomes displaying the tri-mannose ligand was enhanced in human MoDCs compared with both non-mannosylated liposomes and liposomes displaying mono-mannose ligands. However, this increased uptake did not result in an increase in expression of CD80 or CD86 on the surface of the MoDCs. In contrast, neither tri-mannose- nor mono-mannose-containing liposomes were taken up by murine BMDCs to a greater extent than non-mannose-containing liposomes. The expression of CD86 and CD40 on the surface of BMDCs was not increased after exposure to mannosylated liposomes and BMDCs incubated with mannosylated liposomes were not able to stimulate proliferation of CD8(+) T cells to any greater extent than BMDCs incubated with non-mannosylated liposomes. These findings suggest that while mannose-containing ligands can enhance the uptake of antigen-containing liposomes by some dendritic cells, important differences in the affinity of carbohydrate-binding receptors for mannose-containing ligands do exist between species. In addition, the increase in uptake of antigen by dendritic cells using mannosylated liposomes does not necessarily result in enhanced dendritic cell activation.
|Journal||Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology|
|Number of pages||9|
|Publication status||Published - 2006|