Influence of neutron irradiation on holmium acetylacetonate loaded poly(L-lactic acid) microspheres

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  • J F Nijsen
  • A D van Het Schip
  • M J van Steenbergen
  • S W Zielhuis
  • L M J Kroon-Batenburg
  • van de Weert, Marco
  • P P van Rijk
  • W E Hennink
Holmium-loaded microspheres are useful systems in radio-embolization therapy of liver metastases. For administration to a patient, the holmium-loaded microspheres have to be irradiated in a nuclear reactor to become radioactive. In this paper. the influence of neutron irradiation on poly(L-lactic acid) (PLLA) microspheres and films, with or without holmium acetylacetonate (HoAcAc), is investigated, in particular using differential scanning calorimetry (MDSC), scanning electron microscopy, gel permeation chromatography (GPC), infrared spectroscopy, and X-ray diffraction. After irradiation of the microspheres, only minor surface changes were seen using scanning electron microscopy, and the holmium complex remained immobilized in the polymer matrix as reflected by a relatively small release of this complex. GPC and MDSC measurements showed a decrease in molecular weight and crystallinity of the PLLA, respectively, which can be ascribed to radiation induced chain scission. Irradiation of the HoAcAc loaded PLLA matrices resulted in evaporation of the non-coordinated and one coordinated water molecule of the HoAcAc complex, as evidenced by MDSC and X-ray diffraction analysis. Infrared spectroscopy indicated that some degradation of the acetylacetonate anion occurred after irradiation. Although some radiation induced damage of both the PLLA matrix and the embedded HoAcAc-complex occurs, the microspheres retain their favourable properties (no marginal release of Ho, preservation of the microsphere size), which make these systems interesting candidates for the treatment of tumours by radio-embolization.
Original languageEnglish
Issue number8
Pages (from-to)1831-9
Number of pages9
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2002
Externally publishedYes

ID: 45184780