Impact of lipid-based drug delivery systems on the transport and uptake of insulin across Caco-2 Cell monolayers
Research output: Contribution to journal › Journal article › Research › peer-review
Self-(nano)-emulsifying drug delivery systems (SNEDDSs) used to deliver peptides and proteins across biological barriers, such as the small intestinal membrane, represents an increasingly interesting field in nanomedicine. Hence, the present study was designed to evaluate the impact of SNEDDS on the transport and uptake mechanisms of insulin across the intestinal membrane. For this purpose, 3 SNEDDS were prepared, and Caco-2 cell monolayers were used to study transport and uptake. The prepared SNEDDSs were all in the range of 35-50 nm and had a negative zeta potential (between -8 and -25 mV). The entrapment of insulin on dispersion in the experimental media ranged from 40% to 78% for all SNEDDSs. Fluorescent microscopy studies indicated that fluorescein isothiocyanate-labeled insulin when administered in solution, as well as when loaded into MCT1 or MCT2 SNEDDS, localized within the intercellular space of the Caco-2 cell monolayer, indicating transport by paracellular diffusion. In contrast, the fluorescein isothiocyanate-labeled insulin in LCT SNEDDS was taken up by the cells. In conclusion, the present study demonstrated that MCT1 and MCT2 SNEDDS, but not LCT SNEDDS increased the transepithelial permeability of insulin, via the paracellular route.
|Journal||Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences|
|Number of pages||9|
|Publication status||Published - Sep 2016|
- Journal Article