Fenofibrate oral absorption from SNEDDS and super-SNEDDS is not significantly affected by lipase inhibition in rats
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The effect of drug load and digestion on the solubilization and absorption of fenofibrate in self-nanoemulsifying drug delivery system (SNEDDS) was assessed in a pharmacokinetic study in rats and in an in vitro lipolysis model. SNEDDS containing fenofibrate at 75% of equilibrium solubility (Seq), a super-saturated SNEDDS (super-SNEDDS) containing fenofibrate at 150% of Seq and a super-SNEDDS suspension containing fenofibrate at 100% of Seq and an additional 50% Seq fenofibrate suspended (150% of Seq in total) were used. To assess the effect of lipid digestion on fenofibrate absorption in rats and fenofibrate solubilization during in vitro lipolysis, the lipase inhibitor orlistat was added at 1% (w/w) to the SNEDDS, resulting in six different SNEDDS: SNEDDS, super-SNEDDS and super-SNEDDS suspension with and without orlistat 1% (w/w). In vivo, super-SNEDDS had a higher Cmax and AUC0-30h compared to SNEDDS and super-SNEDDS suspension, both with and without orlistat. While orlistat did not affect fenofibrate absorption in SNEDDS and super-SNEDDS, an increase of Tmax and AUC0-30h for super-SNEDDS suspension was found when orlistat was present. During in vitro lipolysis, the addition of orlistat decreased digestion and lowered drug precipitation. Super-SNEDDS showed significantly increased absorption in rats compared to SNEDDS and super-SNEDDS suspension and the inhibition of digestion resulted in prolonged and increased absorption for the super-SNEDDS suspension.
|Journal||European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics|
|Number of pages||7|
|Publication status||Published - 2019|
- Absorption, Digestion, Fenofibrate, Orlistat, SNEDDS, Super-SNEDDS, Supersaturation