Evidence for a Na+/Ca2+ exchange mechanism in frog skin epithelium

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In the present study we investigated the possible existence of a Na+/Ca2+ exchange mechanism in the basolateral membrane of the frog skin epithelium and whether such a mechanism plays a role in the regulation of transepithelial Na+ transport. Cytosolic calcium ([Ca2+]i) was measured with the probe fura-2 in a set-up in which pieces of tissue were mounted on the stage of an epifluorescence microscope. Na+ transport was measured as the amiloride-sensitive short-circuit current (Isc) using a conventional voltage clamp. Basal [Ca2+]i was 65+/-6 nM (n=15). Removal of Na+ from the mucosal solution had no effect on [Ca2+]i. When Na+ was removed from the serosal solution, [Ca2+]i increased biphasically to a peak of 220+/-38 nM (n=8, P=0.006). Readdition of Na+ to the serosal solution returned [Ca2+]i to control level. The serosal Na+ gradient and changes in [Ca2+]i were closely correlated; stepwise changes in serosal Na+ were followed by stepwise changes in [Ca2+]i. These observations indicate the existence of a Na+/Ca2+ exchange mechanism in the basolateral membrane of the frog skin epithelium. The transepithelial Na+ transport decreased from 13.2+/-1.8 to 9.2+/-1.5 microA cm-2 (n=8, P=0.049) when Na+ was omitted from the serosal solution. When this protocol was repeated in the absence of serosal Ca2+, Na+ transport decreased similarly from 16.7+/-1.7 to 11.6 +/-1. 8 microA cm-2 (n=6, P=0.004). We conclude that it is unlikely that the observed decrease in Isc after removal of serosal Na+ is due to an increase in [Ca2+]i per se.
Original languageEnglish
JournalPflügers Archiv - European Journal of Physiology
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)175-81
Number of pages7
Publication statusPublished - 1999

    Research areas

  • Algorithms, Animals, Biological Transport, Calcium, Cytosol, Enzyme Inhibitors, Epithelium, Extracellular Space, Female, Rana temporaria, Skin, Sodium, Thapsigargin

ID: 37899848