Comparative study of liposomes, transfersomes, ethosomes and cubosomes for transcutaneous immunisation: characterisation and in vitro skin penetration

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Objectives Lipid colloidal vaccines, including liposomes, transfersomes, ethosomes and cubosomes, were formulated, characterised and investigated for their ability to enhance penetration of a peptide vaccine through stillborn piglet skin in vitro. Methods Liposomes and transfersomes were formulated using a film-hydration method, ethosomes using a modified reverse phase method and cubosomes using a lipid precursor method. The size, zeta potential, peptide loading and interfacial behaviour of the formulations were characterised. Skin penetration studies were performed using Franz diffusion cells with piglet skin as the membrane. The localization of peptide in the skin was examined using confocal laser scanning microscopy. Key finding The various formulations contained negatively charged particles of similar size (range: 134-200 nm). Addition of the saponin adjuvant Quil A to the formulations destabilised the monolayers and reduced peptide loading. Cubosomes and ethosomes showed superior skin retention compared with the other systems. Confocal laser scanning microscopy showed greater peptide penetration and accumulation in the skin treated with cubosomes and ethosomes. With the other systems peptide was only located in the vicinity of the hair follicles and within the hair shaft. Conclusions We conclude from the in-vitro studies that cubosomes and ethosomes are promising lipid carriers for transcutaneous immunisation.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Issue number11
Pages (from-to)1560-9
Number of pages10
Publication statusPublished - 2012

ID: 41890023