Analysis of 3D Prints by X-ray Computed Microtomography and Terahertz Pulsed Imaging

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Standard

Analysis of 3D Prints by X-ray Computed Microtomography and Terahertz Pulsed Imaging. / Markl, Daniel; Zeitler, J Axel; Rasch, Cecilie; Michaelsen, Maria Høtoft; Müllertz, Anette; Rantanen, Jukka; Rades, Thomas; Bøtker, Johan.

In: Pharmaceutical Research, Vol. 34, No. 5, 2017, p. 1037–1052.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Harvard

Markl, D, Zeitler, JA, Rasch, C, Michaelsen, MH, Müllertz, A, Rantanen, J, Rades, T & Bøtker, J 2017, 'Analysis of 3D Prints by X-ray Computed Microtomography and Terahertz Pulsed Imaging', Pharmaceutical Research, vol. 34, no. 5, pp. 1037–1052. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11095-016-2083-1

APA

Markl, D., Zeitler, J. A., Rasch, C., Michaelsen, M. H., Müllertz, A., Rantanen, J., ... Bøtker, J. (2017). Analysis of 3D Prints by X-ray Computed Microtomography and Terahertz Pulsed Imaging. Pharmaceutical Research, 34(5), 1037–1052. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11095-016-2083-1

Vancouver

Markl D, Zeitler JA, Rasch C, Michaelsen MH, Müllertz A, Rantanen J et al. Analysis of 3D Prints by X-ray Computed Microtomography and Terahertz Pulsed Imaging. Pharmaceutical Research. 2017;34(5):1037–1052. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11095-016-2083-1

Author

Markl, Daniel ; Zeitler, J Axel ; Rasch, Cecilie ; Michaelsen, Maria Høtoft ; Müllertz, Anette ; Rantanen, Jukka ; Rades, Thomas ; Bøtker, Johan. / Analysis of 3D Prints by X-ray Computed Microtomography and Terahertz Pulsed Imaging. In: Pharmaceutical Research. 2017 ; Vol. 34, No. 5. pp. 1037–1052.

Bibtex

@article{65343288e4d744048edac91b8779e1fe,
title = "Analysis of 3D Prints by X-ray Computed Microtomography and Terahertz Pulsed Imaging",
abstract = "PURPOSE: A 3D printer was used to realise compartmental dosage forms containing multiple active pharmaceutical ingredient (API) formulations. This work demonstrates the microstructural characterisation of 3D printed solid dosage forms using X-ray computed microtomography (XμCT) and terahertz pulsed imaging (TPI).METHODS: Printing was performed with either polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) or polylactic acid (PLA). The structures were examined by XμCT and TPI. Liquid self-nanoemulsifying drug delivery system (SNEDDS) formulations containing saquinavir and halofantrine were incorporated into the 3D printed compartmentalised structures and in vitro drug release determined.RESULTS: A clear difference in terms of pore structure between PVA and PLA prints was observed by extracting the porosity (5.5{\%} for PVA and 0.2{\%} for PLA prints), pore length and pore volume from the XμCT data. The print resolution and accuracy was characterised by XμCT and TPI on the basis of the computer-aided design (CAD) models of the dosage form (compartmentalised PVA structures were 7.5 ± 0.75{\%} larger than designed; n = 3).CONCLUSIONS: The 3D printer can reproduce specific structures very accurately, whereas the 3D prints can deviate from the designed model. The microstructural information extracted by XμCT and TPI will assist to gain a better understanding about the performance of 3D printed dosage forms.",
author = "Daniel Markl and Zeitler, {J Axel} and Cecilie Rasch and Michaelsen, {Maria H{\o}toft} and Anette M{\"u}llertz and Jukka Rantanen and Thomas Rades and Johan B{\o}tker",
year = "2017",
doi = "10.1007/s11095-016-2083-1",
language = "English",
volume = "34",
pages = "1037–1052",
journal = "Pharmaceutical Research",
issn = "0724-8741",
publisher = "Springer",
number = "5",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Analysis of 3D Prints by X-ray Computed Microtomography and Terahertz Pulsed Imaging

AU - Markl, Daniel

AU - Zeitler, J Axel

AU - Rasch, Cecilie

AU - Michaelsen, Maria Høtoft

AU - Müllertz, Anette

AU - Rantanen, Jukka

AU - Rades, Thomas

AU - Bøtker, Johan

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - PURPOSE: A 3D printer was used to realise compartmental dosage forms containing multiple active pharmaceutical ingredient (API) formulations. This work demonstrates the microstructural characterisation of 3D printed solid dosage forms using X-ray computed microtomography (XμCT) and terahertz pulsed imaging (TPI).METHODS: Printing was performed with either polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) or polylactic acid (PLA). The structures were examined by XμCT and TPI. Liquid self-nanoemulsifying drug delivery system (SNEDDS) formulations containing saquinavir and halofantrine were incorporated into the 3D printed compartmentalised structures and in vitro drug release determined.RESULTS: A clear difference in terms of pore structure between PVA and PLA prints was observed by extracting the porosity (5.5% for PVA and 0.2% for PLA prints), pore length and pore volume from the XμCT data. The print resolution and accuracy was characterised by XμCT and TPI on the basis of the computer-aided design (CAD) models of the dosage form (compartmentalised PVA structures were 7.5 ± 0.75% larger than designed; n = 3).CONCLUSIONS: The 3D printer can reproduce specific structures very accurately, whereas the 3D prints can deviate from the designed model. The microstructural information extracted by XμCT and TPI will assist to gain a better understanding about the performance of 3D printed dosage forms.

AB - PURPOSE: A 3D printer was used to realise compartmental dosage forms containing multiple active pharmaceutical ingredient (API) formulations. This work demonstrates the microstructural characterisation of 3D printed solid dosage forms using X-ray computed microtomography (XμCT) and terahertz pulsed imaging (TPI).METHODS: Printing was performed with either polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) or polylactic acid (PLA). The structures were examined by XμCT and TPI. Liquid self-nanoemulsifying drug delivery system (SNEDDS) formulations containing saquinavir and halofantrine were incorporated into the 3D printed compartmentalised structures and in vitro drug release determined.RESULTS: A clear difference in terms of pore structure between PVA and PLA prints was observed by extracting the porosity (5.5% for PVA and 0.2% for PLA prints), pore length and pore volume from the XμCT data. The print resolution and accuracy was characterised by XμCT and TPI on the basis of the computer-aided design (CAD) models of the dosage form (compartmentalised PVA structures were 7.5 ± 0.75% larger than designed; n = 3).CONCLUSIONS: The 3D printer can reproduce specific structures very accurately, whereas the 3D prints can deviate from the designed model. The microstructural information extracted by XμCT and TPI will assist to gain a better understanding about the performance of 3D printed dosage forms.

U2 - 10.1007/s11095-016-2083-1

DO - 10.1007/s11095-016-2083-1

M3 - Journal article

VL - 34

SP - 1037

EP - 1052

JO - Pharmaceutical Research

JF - Pharmaceutical Research

SN - 0724-8741

IS - 5

ER -

ID: 170703055