When variants lack semantic equivalence: Adverbial Subclause Word Order

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingBook chapterResearchpeer-review

Standard

When variants lack semantic equivalence : Adverbial Subclause Word Order. / Christensen, Tanya Karoli; Jensen, Torben Juel.

Explanations in Sociosyntactic Variation. Cambridge University Press, 2022. p. 171-206 (Studies in Language Variation and Change).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingBook chapterResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Christensen, TK & Jensen, TJ 2022, When variants lack semantic equivalence: Adverbial Subclause Word Order. in Explanations in Sociosyntactic Variation. Cambridge University Press, Studies in Language Variation and Change, pp. 171-206. https://doi.org/10.1017/9781108674942

APA

Christensen, T. K., & Jensen, T. J. (2022). When variants lack semantic equivalence: Adverbial Subclause Word Order. In Explanations in Sociosyntactic Variation (pp. 171-206). Cambridge University Press. Studies in Language Variation and Change https://doi.org/10.1017/9781108674942

Vancouver

Christensen TK, Jensen TJ. When variants lack semantic equivalence: Adverbial Subclause Word Order. In Explanations in Sociosyntactic Variation. Cambridge University Press. 2022. p. 171-206. (Studies in Language Variation and Change). https://doi.org/10.1017/9781108674942

Author

Christensen, Tanya Karoli ; Jensen, Torben Juel. / When variants lack semantic equivalence : Adverbial Subclause Word Order. Explanations in Sociosyntactic Variation. Cambridge University Press, 2022. pp. 171-206 (Studies in Language Variation and Change).

Bibtex

@inbook{c1df9fd966c44bc8bc62dd3d95df9788,
title = "When variants lack semantic equivalence: Adverbial Subclause Word Order",
abstract = "This chapter argues that it will make results of variationist studies more relevant for linguistic theory if internal predictors assumed to constrain syntactic variation are operationalized in a way that explicitly relates them to semantic or—more broadly—functional hypotheses. We use word order in Danish adverbial subordinate clauses as a case study for how a hypothesized semantic difference between variants can be operationalized. This word order alternation concerns the relative placement of sentential adverbials and finite verbs in subclauses. While the variable is structurally well-defined (Adverb<Verb vs. Verb>Adverb), it challenges classic theoretical and methodological assumptions in variationist studies by entailing a semantic difference, since the two word orders conveying subtly different meanings when used in subclauses. For this study, we operationalize a set of linguistic predictors related to the two most prevalent meaning hypotheses given in the literature, the Assertivity and the Foregrounding Hypothesis. Mixed-effect models and random forest analyses are used to examine the effects and strength of intra- and extralinguistic (social) predictors. Geographical differences related with social stratification indicate an ongoing standardization process emanating from the capital of Copenhagen. The import of our findings related to linguistic theory is discussed.",
keywords = "Faculty of Humanities, syntactic variation, subordinate clauses, adverbial clauses, Word order, functional linguistics, mixed effects models, random forest analysis, Danish, LANCHART",
author = "Christensen, {Tanya Karoli} and Jensen, {Torben Juel}",
year = "2022",
doi = "10.1017/9781108674942",
language = "English",
isbn = "9781108492843",
series = "Studies in Language Variation and Change",
publisher = "Cambridge University Press",
pages = "171--206",
booktitle = "Explanations in Sociosyntactic Variation",
address = "United Kingdom",

}

RIS

TY - CHAP

T1 - When variants lack semantic equivalence

T2 - Adverbial Subclause Word Order

AU - Christensen, Tanya Karoli

AU - Jensen, Torben Juel

PY - 2022

Y1 - 2022

N2 - This chapter argues that it will make results of variationist studies more relevant for linguistic theory if internal predictors assumed to constrain syntactic variation are operationalized in a way that explicitly relates them to semantic or—more broadly—functional hypotheses. We use word order in Danish adverbial subordinate clauses as a case study for how a hypothesized semantic difference between variants can be operationalized. This word order alternation concerns the relative placement of sentential adverbials and finite verbs in subclauses. While the variable is structurally well-defined (Adverb<Verb vs. Verb>Adverb), it challenges classic theoretical and methodological assumptions in variationist studies by entailing a semantic difference, since the two word orders conveying subtly different meanings when used in subclauses. For this study, we operationalize a set of linguistic predictors related to the two most prevalent meaning hypotheses given in the literature, the Assertivity and the Foregrounding Hypothesis. Mixed-effect models and random forest analyses are used to examine the effects and strength of intra- and extralinguistic (social) predictors. Geographical differences related with social stratification indicate an ongoing standardization process emanating from the capital of Copenhagen. The import of our findings related to linguistic theory is discussed.

AB - This chapter argues that it will make results of variationist studies more relevant for linguistic theory if internal predictors assumed to constrain syntactic variation are operationalized in a way that explicitly relates them to semantic or—more broadly—functional hypotheses. We use word order in Danish adverbial subordinate clauses as a case study for how a hypothesized semantic difference between variants can be operationalized. This word order alternation concerns the relative placement of sentential adverbials and finite verbs in subclauses. While the variable is structurally well-defined (Adverb<Verb vs. Verb>Adverb), it challenges classic theoretical and methodological assumptions in variationist studies by entailing a semantic difference, since the two word orders conveying subtly different meanings when used in subclauses. For this study, we operationalize a set of linguistic predictors related to the two most prevalent meaning hypotheses given in the literature, the Assertivity and the Foregrounding Hypothesis. Mixed-effect models and random forest analyses are used to examine the effects and strength of intra- and extralinguistic (social) predictors. Geographical differences related with social stratification indicate an ongoing standardization process emanating from the capital of Copenhagen. The import of our findings related to linguistic theory is discussed.

KW - Faculty of Humanities

KW - syntactic variation

KW - subordinate clauses

KW - adverbial clauses

KW - Word order

KW - functional linguistics

KW - mixed effects models

KW - random forest analysis

KW - Danish

KW - LANCHART

U2 - 10.1017/9781108674942

DO - 10.1017/9781108674942

M3 - Book chapter

SN - 9781108492843

T3 - Studies in Language Variation and Change

SP - 171

EP - 206

BT - Explanations in Sociosyntactic Variation

PB - Cambridge University Press

ER -

ID: 181235150