Towards functional characterization of excipients for oral solid dosage forms using UV-vis imaging. Liberation, release and dissolution

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The purpose of this study was to investigate whole-dosage form UV-vis imaging as a potential tool for functional characterization of excipients used in solid oral dosage forms. To this end, tablets (average mass 260.0 mg, 224.5 mg and 222.1 mg) containing theophylline anhydrate (20 % w/w), 1% (w/w) magnesium stearate, and 79 % (w/w) of either microcrystalline cellulose (MCC, Avicel PH 101) or hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (HPMC, Methocel K15 M or K100 M) were prepared as model systems. Drug liberation from tablets was studied in 0.01 M HCl at 37 degrees C using a Sirius SDi2 equipped with a USP IV type flow cell comprising a UV-vis imaging detector operating at 255 nm and 520 nm. The effluent from the flow cell was passed through a downstream spectrophotometer, and UV-vis spectra in the wavelength range 200-800 nm were recorded every 2 min. The erosion and swelling behavior of the MCC tablets and HPMC K15 M and K100 M tablets were visualized in real time. The swelling of HPMC K15 M and K100 M containing tablets was assessed quantitatively as changes in tablet diameter measured at 520 nm, and was clearly distinguished from the swelling of the MCC tablets. Namely, an increment of 2.5 mm in diameter was determined for the HPMC tablets while the MCC tablets increased by 0.5-1 mm in diameter. Gel layers of variable thickness were observed only for the HPMC K15 M and K100 M tablets. In addition, a relatively high initial liberation rate of theophylline was found for the MCC tablets as compared to the HPMC tablets. UV-vis imaging revealed features of liberation not revealed by simply measuring drug concentration in the dissolution media or by visual assessment. It may be sufficiently sensitive to be further developed for functional characterization of excipients and provide insights into drug-excipient interactions likely to be useful in formulation development. (C) 2020 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Article number113789
JournalJournal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
Number of pages9
Publication statusPublished - 2021

    Research areas

  • Dissolution behavior, Dissolution imaging, Drug liberation, Excipient, UV-vis imaging, Whole dosage form, FORMULATION VARIABLES, POLYMER RELEASE, DRUG, HPMC, BIOAVAILABILITY, MATRICES, IMPACT

ID: 257745023