The stability and microbial contamination of bupivacaine, lidocaine and mepivacaine used for lameness diagnostics in horses

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Standard

The stability and microbial contamination of bupivacaine, lidocaine and mepivacaine used for lameness diagnostics in horses. / Adler, D. M. T.; Cornett, C.; Damborg, P.; Verwilghen, D. R.

In: The Veterinary Journal, Vol. 218, 12.2016, p. 7-12.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Adler, DMT, Cornett, C, Damborg, P & Verwilghen, DR 2016, 'The stability and microbial contamination of bupivacaine, lidocaine and mepivacaine used for lameness diagnostics in horses', The Veterinary Journal, vol. 218, pp. 7-12. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tvjl.2016.10.008

APA

Adler, D. M. T., Cornett, C., Damborg, P., & Verwilghen, D. R. (2016). The stability and microbial contamination of bupivacaine, lidocaine and mepivacaine used for lameness diagnostics in horses. The Veterinary Journal, 218, 7-12. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tvjl.2016.10.008

Vancouver

Adler DMT, Cornett C, Damborg P, Verwilghen DR. The stability and microbial contamination of bupivacaine, lidocaine and mepivacaine used for lameness diagnostics in horses. The Veterinary Journal. 2016 Dec;218:7-12. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tvjl.2016.10.008

Author

Adler, D. M. T. ; Cornett, C. ; Damborg, P. ; Verwilghen, D. R. / The stability and microbial contamination of bupivacaine, lidocaine and mepivacaine used for lameness diagnostics in horses. In: The Veterinary Journal. 2016 ; Vol. 218. pp. 7-12.

Bibtex

@article{4816715cda7045aeb17104dbee531148,
title = "The stability and microbial contamination of bupivacaine, lidocaine and mepivacaine used for lameness diagnostics in horses",
abstract = "Local anaesthetics (LAs) are frequently used for diagnostic procedures in equine veterinary practice. The objective of this study was to investigate the physico-chemical stability and bacterial contamination of bupivacaine, lidocaine and mepivacaine used for lameness examinations in horses. The LAs were stored in 12 different groups at different temperatures (−18 °C to 70 °C), light intensities and in common veterinary field conditions for up to 16 months. The pH, presence of bacterial contamination and concentrations of LAs and methylparaben (a preservative present in lidocaine) were determined serially in both new and repeatedly punctured (RP) vials.Mepivacaine remained chemically stable. A 1.9{\%} increase in bupivacaine concentration was evident in one group, whereas a 1.9–3.7{\%} decrease was noted in six groups. Risk factors associated with a change in concentration were light and RP vials. Lidocaine concentration decreased 6.3{\%} in one group and increased 5.3–7.2{\%} in two groups. Risk factors for degradation were heat and RP vials whereas storage in practice vehicles was a risk factor for increased concentrations. Methylparaben decreased 8.3–75.0{\%} in seven groups, and RP vials, heat and storage in practice vehicles were risk factors for degradation. No contamination was present in any of the LAs and pH remained stable. Commercially available solutions of lidocaine, mepivacaine and bupivacaine stored under common veterinary field conditions are extremely stable and sterile for extended periods. The minor changes in concentration documented in this study are unlikely to affect anaesthetic efficacy during equine lameness examinations. When using products containing methylparaben, degradation of the preservative over time is to be expected.",
keywords = "Bupivacaine, Contamination, Lidocaine, Mepivacaine, Stability",
author = "Adler, {D. M. T.} and C. Cornett and P. Damborg and Verwilghen, {D. R.}",
year = "2016",
month = "12",
doi = "10.1016/j.tvjl.2016.10.008",
language = "English",
volume = "218",
pages = "7--12",
journal = "The Veterinary Journal",
issn = "1090-0233",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - The stability and microbial contamination of bupivacaine, lidocaine and mepivacaine used for lameness diagnostics in horses

AU - Adler, D. M. T.

AU - Cornett, C.

AU - Damborg, P.

AU - Verwilghen, D. R.

PY - 2016/12

Y1 - 2016/12

N2 - Local anaesthetics (LAs) are frequently used for diagnostic procedures in equine veterinary practice. The objective of this study was to investigate the physico-chemical stability and bacterial contamination of bupivacaine, lidocaine and mepivacaine used for lameness examinations in horses. The LAs were stored in 12 different groups at different temperatures (−18 °C to 70 °C), light intensities and in common veterinary field conditions for up to 16 months. The pH, presence of bacterial contamination and concentrations of LAs and methylparaben (a preservative present in lidocaine) were determined serially in both new and repeatedly punctured (RP) vials.Mepivacaine remained chemically stable. A 1.9% increase in bupivacaine concentration was evident in one group, whereas a 1.9–3.7% decrease was noted in six groups. Risk factors associated with a change in concentration were light and RP vials. Lidocaine concentration decreased 6.3% in one group and increased 5.3–7.2% in two groups. Risk factors for degradation were heat and RP vials whereas storage in practice vehicles was a risk factor for increased concentrations. Methylparaben decreased 8.3–75.0% in seven groups, and RP vials, heat and storage in practice vehicles were risk factors for degradation. No contamination was present in any of the LAs and pH remained stable. Commercially available solutions of lidocaine, mepivacaine and bupivacaine stored under common veterinary field conditions are extremely stable and sterile for extended periods. The minor changes in concentration documented in this study are unlikely to affect anaesthetic efficacy during equine lameness examinations. When using products containing methylparaben, degradation of the preservative over time is to be expected.

AB - Local anaesthetics (LAs) are frequently used for diagnostic procedures in equine veterinary practice. The objective of this study was to investigate the physico-chemical stability and bacterial contamination of bupivacaine, lidocaine and mepivacaine used for lameness examinations in horses. The LAs were stored in 12 different groups at different temperatures (−18 °C to 70 °C), light intensities and in common veterinary field conditions for up to 16 months. The pH, presence of bacterial contamination and concentrations of LAs and methylparaben (a preservative present in lidocaine) were determined serially in both new and repeatedly punctured (RP) vials.Mepivacaine remained chemically stable. A 1.9% increase in bupivacaine concentration was evident in one group, whereas a 1.9–3.7% decrease was noted in six groups. Risk factors associated with a change in concentration were light and RP vials. Lidocaine concentration decreased 6.3% in one group and increased 5.3–7.2% in two groups. Risk factors for degradation were heat and RP vials whereas storage in practice vehicles was a risk factor for increased concentrations. Methylparaben decreased 8.3–75.0% in seven groups, and RP vials, heat and storage in practice vehicles were risk factors for degradation. No contamination was present in any of the LAs and pH remained stable. Commercially available solutions of lidocaine, mepivacaine and bupivacaine stored under common veterinary field conditions are extremely stable and sterile for extended periods. The minor changes in concentration documented in this study are unlikely to affect anaesthetic efficacy during equine lameness examinations. When using products containing methylparaben, degradation of the preservative over time is to be expected.

KW - Bupivacaine

KW - Contamination

KW - Lidocaine

KW - Mepivacaine

KW - Stability

U2 - 10.1016/j.tvjl.2016.10.008

DO - 10.1016/j.tvjl.2016.10.008

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 27938712

VL - 218

SP - 7

EP - 12

JO - The Veterinary Journal

JF - The Veterinary Journal

SN - 1090-0233

ER -

ID: 171651313