Properties of the Sodium Naproxen-Lactose-Tetrahydrate Co-Crystal upon Processing and Storage

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Standard

Properties of the Sodium Naproxen-Lactose-Tetrahydrate Co-Crystal upon Processing and Storage. / Sovago, Ioana; Wang, Wenbo; Qiu, Danwen; Raijada, Dharaben Kaushikkumar; Rantanen, Jukka; Grohganz, Holger; Rades, Thomas; Bond, Andrew D; Löbmann, Korbinian.

In: Molecules, Vol. 21, No. 4, 509, 2016, p. 1-13.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Sovago, I, Wang, W, Qiu, D, Raijada, DK, Rantanen, J, Grohganz, H, Rades, T, Bond, AD & Löbmann, K 2016, 'Properties of the Sodium Naproxen-Lactose-Tetrahydrate Co-Crystal upon Processing and Storage', Molecules, vol. 21, no. 4, 509, pp. 1-13. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules21040509

APA

Sovago, I., Wang, W., Qiu, D., Raijada, D. K., Rantanen, J., Grohganz, H., ... Löbmann, K. (2016). Properties of the Sodium Naproxen-Lactose-Tetrahydrate Co-Crystal upon Processing and Storage. Molecules, 21(4), 1-13. [509]. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules21040509

Vancouver

Sovago I, Wang W, Qiu D, Raijada DK, Rantanen J, Grohganz H et al. Properties of the Sodium Naproxen-Lactose-Tetrahydrate Co-Crystal upon Processing and Storage. Molecules. 2016;21(4):1-13. 509. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules21040509

Author

Sovago, Ioana ; Wang, Wenbo ; Qiu, Danwen ; Raijada, Dharaben Kaushikkumar ; Rantanen, Jukka ; Grohganz, Holger ; Rades, Thomas ; Bond, Andrew D ; Löbmann, Korbinian. / Properties of the Sodium Naproxen-Lactose-Tetrahydrate Co-Crystal upon Processing and Storage. In: Molecules. 2016 ; Vol. 21, No. 4. pp. 1-13.

Bibtex

@article{98a21bf535be4347bbb9413f994257df,
title = "Properties of the Sodium Naproxen-Lactose-Tetrahydrate Co-Crystal upon Processing and Storage",
abstract = "Co-crystals and co-amorphous systems are two strategies to improve the physical properties of an active pharmaceutical ingredient and, thus, have recently gained considerable interest both in academia and the pharmaceutical industry. In this study, the behavior of the recently identified sodium naproxen-lactose-tetrahydrate co-crystal and the co-amorphous mixture of sodium, naproxen, and lactose was investigated. The structure of the co-crystal is described using single-crystal X-ray diffraction. The structural analysis revealed a monoclinic lattice, space group P21, with the asymmetric unit containing one molecule of lactose, one of naproxen, sodium, and four water molecules. Upon heating, it was observed that the co-crystal transforms into a co-amorphous system due to the loss of its crystalline bound water. Dehydration and co-amorphization were studied using synchrotron X-ray radiation and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). Subsequently, different processing techniques (ball milling, spray drying, and dehydration) were used to prepare the co-amorphous mixture of sodium, naproxen, and lactose. X-ray powder diffraction (XRPD) revealed the amorphous nature of the mixtures after preparation. Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) analysis showed that the blends were single-phase co-amorphous systems as indicated by a single glass transition temperature. The samples were subsequently tested for physical stability under dry (silica gel at 25 and 40 °C) and humid conditions (25 °C/75{\%} RH). The co-amorphous samples stored at 25 °C/75{\%} RH quickly recrystallized into the co-crystalline state. On the other hand, the samples stored under dry conditions remained physically stable after five months of storage, except the ball milled sample stored at 40 °C which showed signs of recrystallization. Under these dry conditions, however, the ball-milled co-amorphous blend crystallized into the individual crystalline components.",
author = "Ioana Sovago and Wenbo Wang and Danwen Qiu and Raijada, {Dharaben Kaushikkumar} and Jukka Rantanen and Holger Grohganz and Thomas Rades and Bond, {Andrew D} and Korbinian L{\"o}bmann",
year = "2016",
doi = "10.3390/molecules21040509",
language = "English",
volume = "21",
pages = "1--13",
journal = "Molecules",
issn = "1420-3049",
publisher = "M D P I AG",
number = "4",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Properties of the Sodium Naproxen-Lactose-Tetrahydrate Co-Crystal upon Processing and Storage

AU - Sovago, Ioana

AU - Wang, Wenbo

AU - Qiu, Danwen

AU - Raijada, Dharaben Kaushikkumar

AU - Rantanen, Jukka

AU - Grohganz, Holger

AU - Rades, Thomas

AU - Bond, Andrew D

AU - Löbmann, Korbinian

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - Co-crystals and co-amorphous systems are two strategies to improve the physical properties of an active pharmaceutical ingredient and, thus, have recently gained considerable interest both in academia and the pharmaceutical industry. In this study, the behavior of the recently identified sodium naproxen-lactose-tetrahydrate co-crystal and the co-amorphous mixture of sodium, naproxen, and lactose was investigated. The structure of the co-crystal is described using single-crystal X-ray diffraction. The structural analysis revealed a monoclinic lattice, space group P21, with the asymmetric unit containing one molecule of lactose, one of naproxen, sodium, and four water molecules. Upon heating, it was observed that the co-crystal transforms into a co-amorphous system due to the loss of its crystalline bound water. Dehydration and co-amorphization were studied using synchrotron X-ray radiation and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). Subsequently, different processing techniques (ball milling, spray drying, and dehydration) were used to prepare the co-amorphous mixture of sodium, naproxen, and lactose. X-ray powder diffraction (XRPD) revealed the amorphous nature of the mixtures after preparation. Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) analysis showed that the blends were single-phase co-amorphous systems as indicated by a single glass transition temperature. The samples were subsequently tested for physical stability under dry (silica gel at 25 and 40 °C) and humid conditions (25 °C/75% RH). The co-amorphous samples stored at 25 °C/75% RH quickly recrystallized into the co-crystalline state. On the other hand, the samples stored under dry conditions remained physically stable after five months of storage, except the ball milled sample stored at 40 °C which showed signs of recrystallization. Under these dry conditions, however, the ball-milled co-amorphous blend crystallized into the individual crystalline components.

AB - Co-crystals and co-amorphous systems are two strategies to improve the physical properties of an active pharmaceutical ingredient and, thus, have recently gained considerable interest both in academia and the pharmaceutical industry. In this study, the behavior of the recently identified sodium naproxen-lactose-tetrahydrate co-crystal and the co-amorphous mixture of sodium, naproxen, and lactose was investigated. The structure of the co-crystal is described using single-crystal X-ray diffraction. The structural analysis revealed a monoclinic lattice, space group P21, with the asymmetric unit containing one molecule of lactose, one of naproxen, sodium, and four water molecules. Upon heating, it was observed that the co-crystal transforms into a co-amorphous system due to the loss of its crystalline bound water. Dehydration and co-amorphization were studied using synchrotron X-ray radiation and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). Subsequently, different processing techniques (ball milling, spray drying, and dehydration) were used to prepare the co-amorphous mixture of sodium, naproxen, and lactose. X-ray powder diffraction (XRPD) revealed the amorphous nature of the mixtures after preparation. Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) analysis showed that the blends were single-phase co-amorphous systems as indicated by a single glass transition temperature. The samples were subsequently tested for physical stability under dry (silica gel at 25 and 40 °C) and humid conditions (25 °C/75% RH). The co-amorphous samples stored at 25 °C/75% RH quickly recrystallized into the co-crystalline state. On the other hand, the samples stored under dry conditions remained physically stable after five months of storage, except the ball milled sample stored at 40 °C which showed signs of recrystallization. Under these dry conditions, however, the ball-milled co-amorphous blend crystallized into the individual crystalline components.

U2 - 10.3390/molecules21040509

DO - 10.3390/molecules21040509

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 27104502

VL - 21

SP - 1

EP - 13

JO - Molecules

JF - Molecules

SN - 1420-3049

IS - 4

M1 - 509

ER -

ID: 162186145